Orientation to College: A Reader on Becoming an Educated Person

CoverIn a departure from typical college orientation texts that focus on skills development, Orientation to College: A Reader focuses on developing an understanding of the history and meaning of a college education. It is a rich collection of over 40 readings by leaders in education, govern-ment, and industry that address personal and professional issues as well as the history and role of the liberal arts in education. It also introduces students to the concepts of reflective and critical thinking and to learning as a process that continues throughout life. Commentaries, questions, and suggested activities accompany the readings making the text useful as a complete course or for use with a skills text.

Reviews

“The chapter on liberal arts education is fabulous! Coming from a liberal arts institution, I find it very challenging to find a book that explains education to students from this perspective.”Jamie J. Sheperd, Whittier College

“The readings are substantive but short; this piques students’ interests without overwhelming them. The collection of readings in each chapter model diverse thought processes instead of advocating one view of an issue. This diversity is essential for moving toward increasingly complex ways of thinking.”Kris Bruss, Bethany Lutheran College

Useful for a Wide Range of Students

The text is also appropriate for college and university-bound high school students. It will prepare them to approach their foundation courses as true foundations for future learning and not lectures to be tolerated. While a few of the readings will be too difficult for some students, the more advanced students will find them stimulating.

The text is being used in orientation studies at a wide range of schools across the country including California State University, DePaul University, SUNY Empire State College, Marquette University, Mount St. Mary’s, New York University, Rochester Institute of Technology, Texas State University, and University of Rhode Island. It is also being used in high school prep courses.

About the Authors

Elizabeth Steltenpohl (Ed.D., Teachers College, Columbia University) is on the faculty of SUNY Empire State College. As professor of Educational Studies she has conducted and written about college entry-related activities for a number of years.

Jane Shipton (MA, New York University) is Mentor Emeritus at SUNY Empire State College where she was professor of Community and Human Services. She has also conducted courses and written about college entry-related activities for a number of years.

Sharon Villines (MFA, University of Illinois) is on the faculty at SUNY Empire State College. As an artist and writer who also teaches an orientation to college course, she has extensive experience counseling students who are developing and changing careers.

Book Details

Orientation to College: A Reader on Becoming an Educated Person by Jane Shipton, Elizabeth Steltenpohl, and Sharon Villines. Second Edition. Wadsworth, Thomson Learning, 2004. 226 pp. Index. Bibliography. ISBN 0-534-2684-0

Available from Amazon

Table of Contents

List of Figures

  • Erikson’s Eight Developmental Stages
  • The Life Structure and Its Development in Adulthood (Levinson)
  • Descriptions of Life Stages (Weathersby)
  • Kolb’s Modes of Experience and Learning Styles
  • Liberal Education and Preparation for Work (Chickering)

INTRODUCTION: ON BECOMING AN EDUCATED PERSON

  • The Educated Person  by  Thomas B. Jones
  • About This Book and Thinking About How to Use It

CHAPTER 1: THE PURPOSES OF COLLEGE

  • Introduction: What Is College?
  • Two Essential Goals by Ernest L. Boyer
  • The Baccalaureate Degree: What Does It Mean? What Should It Mean? by Howard R. Bowen
  • What Does Society Need From Higher Education? by David R. Pierce
  • What Does Society Need From Higher Education? by Robert H. Atwell
  • The Educated Person: A Changing Ideal by Henry J Perkinson
  • Universities and Their Function by Alfred North Whitehead

CHAPTER 2: THE ROLE OF LIBERAL ARTS IN A COLLEGE EDUCATION

  • Introduction: Joining the Academic Conversation
  • The Earthly Use of a Liberal Education … A. Bartlett Giamatti
  • What is an Idea? … Wayne C. Booth
  • The Liberal Studies … Carey W. Brush
  • The Purposes of Liberal Education … Henry Rosovsky
  • Beyond the Machine: Liberal Education for an Information Society … Bruce E. Strasser
  • Having a Degree and Being Educated … Edmund D. Pellegrin

CHAPTER 3: EDUCATION AND THE IDEA OF CULTURE

  • Introduction: The Meaning of Culture
  • Beyond Tribalism … Laurent A. Daloz
  • Cultural Literacy … Alan C. Purves
  • An Educated and Culturally Literate Person Must Study America’s
  • Multicultural Reality … Ronald Takaki
  • Multicultural Education for Freedom’s Sake … James A. Banks
  • Diversity, Community, and the University … Joan Wallach Scott
  • Defining a Global Perspective … Rita Weathersby

CHAPTER 4: EDUCATION AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT

  • Introduction: Learning and Self
  • Erickson’s Eight Stages of Life … David Elkind
  • Maslow’s Theory of Self-Actualization … Gerald Corey and Marianne Schneider Corey
  • The Life Structure and Its Development in Adulthood … Daniel Levinson
  • Life Stages and Learning Interests … Rita Weathersby
  • Individual Identity Versus Identity Confusion … Barbara M. Newman and Philip R. Newman

CHAPTER 5: THINKING AND LEARNING

  • Introduction: The Discovery of Meaning
  • Learning and Brain Development … National Research Council
  • Learning from Everyday Experience … Robert M. Smith
  • Developmental Foundations of Critical Thinking … Joanne Gainen Kurfiss
  • Learning to Make Reflective Judgements … Patricia King
  • Changing Concepts of Learning … Graham Gibbs
  • Peak Learning: The Flow State … Ronald Gross

CHAPTER 6: LEARNING HOW TO LEARN

  • Introduction: Ways of Learning
  • Your Preferred Learning Style … Arthur W. Chickering and Nancy K. Schlossberg
  • Competence in Self-Directed Learning … Malcolm S. Knowles
  • Exploring Self-Directedness in Learning … Stephen D. Brookfield
  • The Learning Group … Robert M. Smith
  • Collaborative Learning … Kenneth A. Bruffee
  • Team Learning, Dialogue, and Discussion … Peter Seng

CHAPTER 7: EDUCATION AND WORK

  • Introduction: Becoming Employable
  • Report of the Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills … U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration
  • 21st Century Workplace Trends and Their Implications … Joseph H. Boyett
  • Liberal Education and a New Generation of Corporate Leadership … Michael Useem
  • Holland’s Theory of Vocational Personalities and Environments … Nancy C. Evans, Deanna S. Forney, and Florence Guido-DiBrito
  • Liberal Education, Work, and Human Development … Arthur W. Chickering